FAQs – Equine Care at Green’s Creek Veterinary Hospital

The team at Green’s Creek Veterinary Hospital wants to make sure that all of your equine care questions are answered. We understand that you care about your horse and want to know all you can about their health needs. Click on your question below to reveal our answer. If you still have questions, or if you don’t see your question listed, please contact our team and we’ll be happy to help.

Frequently Asked Questions About Equine Animal Care

How can I tell whether my horse is healthy?

The team at Green’s Creek Veterinary Hospital provides a complete list of areas to check to determine the health and well-being of your horse. We will help you examine your horse by checking:

  • Body shape
  • Legs
  • Stance
  • Walk
  • Ears
  • Coat
  • Skin
  • Gums
  • Mood
  • …and more

How can I determine whether my horse needs dental care?

When your horse needs dental care, there may be a number of signs and symptoms identified. These dental symptoms may include:

  • Reluctance to eat
  • Inability to hold food or dropping food while chewing, also known as “quidding”
  • Excessive chewing
  • Bad breath
  • Drooling while eating
  • Weight loss, even with proper nutrition
  • Fighting the bit and slinging head while bridled
  • …and more

What does equine dental care consist of?

When your horse needs dental care, the veterinary team at Greens Creek Veterinary Hospital offers the floating teeth dental procedure. A complete description of this service is available on our equine dental care page.

What is lameness in a horse?

When a horse has been diagnosed with lameness, this means that they are demonstrating some kind of abnormal stance of motion. Equine lameness may occur in the feet, legs, shoulders, or back. Lameness is usually more pronounced and noticeably worse during motion such as a walk, trot, or canter.

If I am considering purchasing a horse, how can I determine the health of the horse?

The team at Green’s Creek Veterinary Clinic provides pre-purchase examinations to help determine if a horse is healthy enough for purchase. Our veterinarians act as a neutral party between seller and purchaser, examining the horse’s eyes, ears, teeth, heart, abdomen, lungs, musculoskeletal system, and all joints by flexion.

If any abnormalities are noticed during these extensive exams, we may recommend blood work or x-rays to assist us in determining if the horse is sound for purchase.

What kinds of reproductive services do your provide for horses?

The reproductive services that we provide our equine patients include:

  • Ultrasound exams of ovaries to check for follicular activity
  • Evaluation of uterus to identify any abnormalities
  • Uterine cultures
  • Ultrasound pregnancy exams
  • Artificial insemination with cooled or frozen semen
  • …and more

Visit our equine services page for more information about our equine reproductive services.

What vaccinations does my horse need?

Eastern, Western Sleeping Sickness & Tetanus

Encephalomyelitis vaccine and tetanus toxoid.
Your horse will need one initially, then a booster in 30 days. After that, they are good for one year, and will need this vaccine annually. This vaccine aides in the prevention of equine encephalomyelitis due to Eastern and Western Viruses, and tetanus.

Stangles

Streptococcus Equi Bacterial extract.
Your horse will need one initially, then a booster in 30 days. After that, they are good for one year, and will need this vaccine annually. This vaccine is highly recommended in younger horses aged 12 years or younger, or horses being hauled frequently. It aids in the reduction of disease (strangles) due to Streptococcus equi infection.

West Nile

Your horse will need one initially, then a booster in 30 days. After that, they are good for one year, and will need this vaccine annually. This vaccine aids in the prevention of the West Nile virus, carried by mosquitos.

Flu/Rhino (Rhinopneuonitis and influenza)

Your horse will need one initially, then a booster in 30 days. After that, they are good for one year, and will need this vaccine annually. This vaccination aids in the prevention of equine influenza due to type A2 viruses and equine rhinopneumonitis due to equine herpes virus (EHV) types 1 and 4.

Rabies

Your horse will need one each year.

Rattlesnake

Crotalus artox toxoid.
If it is your horse’s first time being vaccinated, they should be administered 3 injections 30 days apart, then 1 every 6 months. If this is a booster, your horse will need the injection every 6 months. The Rattlesnake Vaccine for Horses is intended to help create an immunity that will protect your horse against rattlesnake venom. Even though the horse has been vaccinated, you should still contact us as soon as possible to determine if further treatment is necessary if your horse has an encounter with a rattlesnake.

At what age should my horse be vaccinated?

Initially, your horse should be vaccinated at 4-5 months of age, followed by boosters in 21 days. Then annually.

At what age should my horse be wormed?

Initially your horse should be wormed at 4-5 months of age, followed by one more in 21 days, then every 2-4 months thereafter, depending on conditions.

At what age should a male horse be castrated?

A male horse should be castrated between 14 months and 2 years of age. This is optimal to allow proper growth.

What is a "Coggins" test?

A Coggins test is a simple blood test that is mandatory to travel with your horse. “Coggins” is another term for Equine Infectious Anemia, a highly contagious condition in equine causing your horse to become very anemic.

How often does my horse need a Coggins test?

Most places require a current negative Coggins within the previous 12 months. However, some states require a negative Coggins within the previous 6 months. Please check with us for your specific location.

Where can I obtain a Coggins test, and how long does it take to get results?

At Green’s Creek Veterinary Hospital, we are proud to be a federally certified Coggins laboratory. This means, for those customers needing fast results, we can offer them in as little as 45 minutes.